nitrile group

nitrile group
нитрильная группа

English-russian plastics terminology dictionary. 2013.

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  • Nitrile anion — Nitrile anions are nitriles lacking a proton at the position α to the nitrile group. They undergo nucleophilic addition and substitution reactions with various electrophiles.[1] Although nitrile anions are functionally similar to enolates, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Nitrile — This article is about the group of organic compounds. For the synthetic rubber product, see Nitrile rubber. The structure of the nitrile group A nitrile is any organic compound that has a C≡N functional group.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • nitrile — [ nʌɪtrʌɪl] noun Chemistry an organic compound containing a cyanide group ‒CN bound to an alkyl group. Origin C19: from nitre + ile (alt. of yl) …   English new terms dictionary

  • nitrile — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary nitr + il, ile (from Latin ilis 1 ile) Date: 1848 an organic cyanide containing the group CN which on hydrolysis yields an acid with elimination of ammonia …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • nitrile — /nuy tril, treel, truyl/, n. Chem. any of a class of organic compounds with the general formula RC =N. [1840 50; NITR + ile, perh. var. of YL] * * * also called  Cyano Compound,         any of a class of organic compounds having molecular… …   Universalium

  • nitrile — noun any of a class of organic compounds containing a cyano functional group C≡N …   Wiktionary

  • nitrile — An alkyl cyanide. Individual nitriles are named for the acid formed on hydrolysis; e.g., CH3CN is acetonitrile rather than methyl cyanide. * * * ni·trile nī trəl, .trēl n an organic cyanide containing the group CN which on hydrolysis yields an… …   Medical dictionary

  • nitrile — naɪtrɪl , traɪl n. group of organic compounds (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Functional group — For other uses, see Functional group (disambiguation) and Moiety (disambiguation). Benzyl acetate has an ester functional group (in red), an acetyl moiety (circled with green) and a benzyloxy moiety (circled with orange). Other divisions can be… …   Wikipedia

  • Kolbe nitrile synthesis — The Kolbe nitrile synthesis is a method for the preparation of alkyl nitriles by reaction of the corresponding alkylhalide with a metal cyanide [Organikum, 22. Edition (German), Wiley VCH, Weinheim, 2004, ISBN 3 527 31148 3] . A side product for… …   Wikipedia

  • Acetoxy group — The structure of the acetoxy group. Acetoxy group, abbreviated AcO or OAc, is a chemical functional group of the structure CH3 C(=O) O . It differs from the acetyl group CH3 C(=O) by the presence of one additional oxygen atom. The name acetoxy is …   Wikipedia